Glossary - N
Lawyers often use technical terms. This guide to common legal words will make it easier for you to understand the law and Victoria's legal system. It will help you understand the legal information you need to read when you have a legal issue or problem.
- native title
The interests and rights of Indigenous Australians to their traditional land. This title is not the same as a certificate of title. It is a connection to land under traditional laws and customs that has not been interrupted by later settlement.
- natural justice
Rules that courts, other dispute settlement bodies and government officials must follow to ensure that decisions are fair to all parties. Examples include the requirement that decision-makers act fairly without bias, and the right of all parties involved in a case to present their side of a dispute.
Things such as food and basic clothes that the law says are needed for people to live a reasonable life. A minor, in Victoria someone under 18 years old, cannot enter a legally enforceable contract, except for necessaries.
An act that breaches a duty to take reasonable care and results in loss or damage to another person.
- negotiable instrument
A signed document, such as a cheque, that transfers money from person to person.
- nominal damages
A small amount of damages that a court can order a defendant to pay a plaintiff when a right has been violated but no damage of monetary value has been done. For example, a person can sue for trespass if a person goes onto their property without permission. The court would order nominal damages if no harm was done to the property.
(1) A person put forward as a candidate for an elected position. (2) A person chosen to act on behalf of someone else.
- non-parole period
The minimum period that a person must spend in prison before they are eligible to be released on parole.
- notice of defence
- notional earnings
The amount of money a person is expected to earn in a week. If a person does not work, the court calculates how much the person would be capable of earning if they did work.