Glossary - T
Lawyers often use technical terms. This guide to common legal words will make it easier for you to understand the law and Victoria's legal system. It will help you understand the legal information you need to read when you have a legal issue or problem.
The end of something. Contracts terminate when the parties have done what they agreed. They can also be terminated without being completed, for example if one party breaks the contract, or when it is impossible to carry out.
- terms of reference
The formal list of things that a body set up to examine a matter of public interest, such as child abuse, can investigate and report on. The body must investigate all the matters listed, and it cannot go beyond them.
- therapeutic privilege
A doctor's right, in some cases, not to tell a patient something where the doctor believes it would harm them to know.
A civil wrong that causes harm, intentionally or otherwise. A person affected by a tort can take action in court to claim compensation for the wrong.
Trading illegal products such as guns, drugs or ivory, often across borders, for commercial reward.
- transfer of land
A document used to change ownership of land from one person to another. The transfer must be registered with Land Victoria.
- treatment order
A court order saying that a person convicted of a crime will be sent to a psychiatric hospital for treatment instead of going to prison.
(1) Going onto someone's land without permission. (2) Trespass to goods is wrongful interference with someone's personal property, for example doing something that harms someone's computer. (3) Trespass to the person is doing something that interferes with a person's body without their permission, for example giving a very drunk person a tattoo.
A type of property ownership where one person, the trustee, holds property for the benefit of someone else, the beneficiary. For example, a trustee may hold a child's inheritance for them until they turn 18.
- trust account
A bank account in which money is held on behalf another person, not for the use of the account holder. For example, a lawyer's trust account holds clients' money. It is regulated by strict accounting rules that safeguard the clients' interests.
- trust deed
A formal legal document setting out the rights and obligations of all the parties to a trust.