Glossary - U
Lawyers often use technical terms. This guide to common legal words will make it easier for you to understand the law and Victoria's legal system. It will help you understand the legal information you need to read when you have a legal issue or problem.
- ultra vires ('beyond powers')
An act of a person or body that is outside their powers under the law. For example, it would be ultra vires for the Victorian parliament to pass laws applying to the New South Wales Police Force because this is a power of the New South Wales parliament not the Victorian parliament.
- unconscionable conduct
Conduct that takes unfair advantage of a vulnerable person in a contract or other transaction. The vulnerability can be due to factors such as poor education, language difficulties or drunkenness.
- undue influence
Taking unfair advantage of a person's weaknesses, or of a close relationship with them, so they agree to do something you want them to do, such as sign a contract.
Not yet set as a definite amount. This usually refers to the part of damages for compensation that are left for a court to decide. Other damages are the actual cost, for example, of property that has been damaged.